13 Advantages and Disadvantages of Sprinkler Irrigation Method11th April 2019
Sprinkler Irrigation Method
When the irrigation water applied to the land in the form of a spray, somewhat as in artificially rain through a network of pipes and pumps, then this technique or method is known as sprinkler irrigation method. It is also sometimes known as overhead irrigation.
This types of irrigation method can be used for all the crops (except rice and jute) and for all types of soils (except heavy soil with very low infiltration rates).
Following 13 advantages and disadvantages of sprinkler irrigation are described below:
Advantages of Sprinkler Irrigation
1. This method is used for a large range of topographic conditions, soils and crops.
2. It is possible to give equal water to all crops, through this sprinkler irrigation method.
3. Borders, field channels, etc. does not require, so a lot of lands area is available for cropping.
4. Erosion of soil can be controlled (as surface runoff is eliminated) by using sprinkler irrigation.
5. There is no need for land preparation, so labour costs are much lower.
6. This type of irrigation method is beneficial for seedling and plants which are very young.
7. In sprinkler irrigation method, the time and amount of use of fertilizer can be better controlled.
8. This irrigation system is especially adaptable to more humid regions.
Disadvantages of Sprinkler Irrigation
1. Under the windy conditions and high temperatures, the efficiency of water distribution and water application is less.
2. Sometimes the saline water can burn the leaves of the crops.
3. This irrigation system is costly to install.
4. The system is costly to operate and maintain.
5. The continuous supply of power is needed to operate such a system.