# Relation Between Dry unit Weight, Bulk unit Weight & Water Content

## Relation Between Dry unit Weight, Bulk unit Weight & Water Content

In this article,we will make the formula/relation between the dry unit weight( $\gamma_{d}$), bulk unit weight( $\gamma$) and water content(w).

[Note: Bulk unit weight means bulk density, and dry unit weight means dry density. So, be careful if the question is like that; derive the relation between bulk density, dry density and water content, therefore, the answer will be same.]

Let,

• W = Total weight of given soil mass.
• V = Total volume of the given soil mass.
• $W_{d}$ = Weight of soil solid in a given soil mass.
• $W_{w}$ = Weight of water present in the given soil mass.
• w = Moisture content or Water content.

From the definition of water content, we can write, $w = \frac{W_{w}}{W_{d}}$
So, $1 + w = 1 + \frac{W_{w}}{W_{d}}$

Or, $1 + w = \frac{W_{w} + W_{d}}{W_{d}}$
[ We know, Total weight = Weight of water + Weight of soil solid. So, $W = W_{w} + W_{d}$ ]

Or, $1 + w = \frac{W}{W_{d}}$
Or, $W_{d} = W/(1+w)$

Again from the definition of dry unit weight, We have, $\gamma_{d} = \frac{W_{d}}{V}$
[Now, put the value of $W_{d}$, which we have got from the above equation]
Hence, $\gamma_{d} = \frac{W}{V(1+w)}$
[We know, $\gamma = \frac{W}{V}$ ]
Or, $\gamma_{d} = \frac{\gamma }{(1+w)}$

So, the final relation or formula is $\gamma_{d} = \frac{\gamma }{(1+w)}$