19 Types of Cement

19 Types of Cement

19th October 2016 0 By Malay Sautya

19 Types of Cement

Following are the 19 types of cement classification:

19 Types of Cement

1. Ordinary Portland Cement

It is obtained by burning (at about 1450 degree centigrade) of calcareous, siliceous and argillaceous raw materials mixed in definite proportion and crushing the resulting clinker to a fine powder.

  • Ordinary Portland Cement 33 Grade– IS 269: 1989
  • Ordinary Portland Cement 43 Grade– IS 8112: 1989
  • Ordinary Portland Cement 53 Grade– IS 12269: 1987

2. Portland Pozzolana Cement

In case of manufacturing of portland pozzolana cement, about 30 per cent pozzolanic material is added to the ordinary cement clinker and the mix is throughly grounded. The pozzolanic material used are calcined clay or fly ash.

3. Super Sulphated Cement(IS 6909: 1990)

Super sulphate cement is made from well-granulated blast furnace slag about 80 to 85 %, calcium sulphate around 10 to 15 %, and portland cement about 1 to 2 %. The mixture of all these components is then grounded finer than the portland cement.

4. Rapid Hardening Cement – IS 8041: 1990

As the name suggests, It hardens by gaining its strength faster than the ordinary Portland cement, because it has a higher percentage of C3S content, with finer grinding. The fineness value of rapid hardening cement is 325 kg/cm2 which is more than of OPC fineness value.

5. Extra Rapid Hardening Cement

6. Sulphate Resisting Cement – IS 12330: 1988

7. Portland Slag Cement

Portland slag cement is obtained by mixing Portland cement clinker, gypsum and granulated blast furnace slag in suitable proportions and grinding the mixture to get a thorough and intimate mixture between the constituents.

Characteristics of slag cement

➤ The fineness value of P.S.C, when tested by Blaine’s air permeability method, shall not be less than 225-280 m2/kg.

➤ The expansion value (i.e. soundness) of Un aerated cement when tested by Le-Chaelier method shall not be more than 10 mm and when tested by autoclave method shall not be more than 0.8%.    

Advantages of slag cement

Following are the advantages of slag cement

⇰ Reduced heat of hydration;

⇰ Refinement of pore structure.

⇰ Reduced permeability

⇰ Increased resistance to chemical attack.

⇰ Increasing strength and durability.

Disadvantages of slag cement

⇰ Strength gain is slow

⇰ In cold weather condition, the low heat of hydration of slag cement coupled with moderately low rate of strength development can lead to frost damage

What are the uses of slag cement?

Producing concrete blocks with slag cement.

Slag cement used in high-performance concrete.

Producing pre-cast and pre-stressed concrete with slag cement.

Slag cement is used in concrete pavements.

8. Quick Setting Cement

9. Low Heat Cement – IS 12600: 1989

10. Air Entraining Cement

11. Coloured Cement: White Cement – IS 8042: 1989

White cement is just a variety of ordinary portland cement, it is white in colour. The whiteness is obtained by reducing the iron oxide content to a minimum. The properties of white cement is same as ordinary portland cement.

What are the uses of white cement?

It is generally used for decorative work, such as terrazzo flooring, face plasters, marking etc.

12. Hydrophobic Cement – IS 8043: 1991

13. Masonry Cement – IS 3466: 1988

14. Expansive Cement

15. Oil Well Cement – IS 8229: 1986

16. Rediset Cement

17. Concrete Sleeper grade Cement

18. High Alumina Cement – IS 6452: 1989

This cement is also known as aluminous cement. It contains as high as 35 to 45 % of aluminates. This cement is manufactured from bauxite and chalk or limestone. This cement is very dark in colour. In this cement, setting time is controlled by the rate of cooling of the fused product and not by adding gypsum.

Characteristics of high alumina cement

Following are some important properties or characteristics of high alumina cement:

➤ Its initial setting time is 3 to 6 hours and final setting time 8 to 10 hours.

➤ This cement gains strength very quickly, due to the presence of a high percentage of aluminates. In 24 hours it gains as much strength as an ordinary cement acquires in 24 days.

➤ This cement very much resistance to sea water attack as well as chemical attack.

➤ Its compressive strength is almost double that of ordinary cement.

➤ There is no trace of free lime and hence, this cement is more sound than ordinary cement.

What are the uses of high alumina cement?

It is used for constructions near sea shore and also underwater.

It is also used for making hard and heat resistant concrete.

It is used for sealing rocks or concreting against internal water flow.

19. Very High Strength Cement

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