Category: Engineering Geology – M.C.Q

# Earthquake – MCQ || Geological Engineering ||

## Earthquake – MCQ || Geological Engineering

1. The point inside the earth where fracture begins is termed as.

a) Epicenter
b) Center
c) Hypocenter
d) None of these

c) Hypocenter

2. The point above the hypocentre on the earth’s surface is termed as.

a) Epicenter
b) Center
c) Hypocenter
d) Focus

a) Epicenter.

3. Compressional waves are also known as.

a) Longitudinal /primary waves
b) Secondary waves
c) Rayleigh waves
d) Love waves

a) Longitudinal /primary waves

4. Which zone is considered to be the highest seismic zone in India?

a) Zone II
b) Zone III
c) Zone IV
d) Zone V

d) Zone V.

5. The value of the basic horizontal seismic coefficient in the case of zone V is

a) 0.02
b) 0.04
c) 0.08
d) 0.12

c) 0.08

6. The value of seismic zone factor for zone V ( zone 5/five)

a) 0.05
b) 0.24
c) 0.36
d) 0.46

c) 0.36

7. The value of seismic zone factor for zone IV ( zone 4/four)

a) 0.12
b) 0.24
c) 0.36
d) 0.46

b) 0.24

8. The position of the focus or hypocentre is determined with the help of.

Seismograph records.

9. The number of seismic zones in India is

a) Four ( Zone II, III, IV, V)
b) Five ( Zone I, II, III, IV, V)
c) Six ( Zone I, II, III, IV, V, VI)
d) None of these

a) Four ( Zone II, III, IV, V)

Q: The number of seismic zones in India is Five or Four? Which is the correct answer?

A: As per IS 1893 (Part 1) 2002, there are four zones of the earthquake in India. But, previously it was five and six zones. So, the correct answer is four zones.

General Rules of Earthquake-resistant Building Construction

Soil Map of India – MCQ

# Classification of Rocks – MCQ || Geological Engineering ||

## Classification of Rocks – MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions)

1. Hypabyssal is one type of ____

a) Igneous rock.
b) Sedimentary rock.
c) Metamorphic rock.
d) Mineral.

a) Igneous rock.

Hypabyssal is one type of igneous rocks.

2. One of the factors of Metamorphic rock is

a) Temperature.
b) Magma.
c) lava.
d) Cleavage.

a) Temperature.

3. Marble is a

a) Igneous rock.
b) Sedimentary rock.
c) Metamorphic rock.
d) Mineral.

c) Metamorphic rock.

Marble is a Metamorphic rock.

4. Plutonic rocks are always from the cooling of

a) The lava underwater.
b) Magma just below the surface of the earth.
c) Lava over the surface of the earth.
d) Magma at great depths below the surface of the earth.

d) Magma at great depths below the surface of the earth.

5. Granite is

a) A basic igneous rock.
b) An intermediate igneous rock.
c) An acid igneous rock.
d) An ultrabasic igneous rock.

b) An intermediate igneous rock.

Granite is an intermediate igneous rock.

6. Which one of the following is the igneous rock

a) Shale.
b) Marble.
c) Granite.
d) Dolomite.

c) Granite.

7. The hardest oxide mineral in the Mohs scale of hardness is

a) Corundum.
b) Topaz.
c) Quartz.
d) Diamond.

d) Diamond.

The hardest oxide mineral in Mohs scale of hardness is Diamond.

8. Which factors affect crystallization most?

a) Pressure.
b) Temperature.
c) Liquid with chemical fluid.

b) Temperature.

9. Kankar is a variety of

a) Sandstone.
b) Limestone.
c) Shale.
d) Coal.

b) Limestone.

Kankar is a variety of Limestone.

10. The most dominant element in the whole earth is

a) Silicon.
b) Nickel.
c) Oxygen.
d) Iron.

d) Iron.

The most dominant element in the whole earth is Iron.

11. The simplest of all the silicate structure is that of

a) Orthosilicate.
b) Sorosilicate.
c) Metasilicate.
d) Inosilicate.

a) Orthosilicate.

Rocks – MCQ

Weathering of Rocks – MCQ

Joints And Faults in Rock – Structural Features of Rock

# Mineralogy – MCQ || Geological Engineering ||

## Mineralogy – MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions)

1. The softest mineral known as per the Mohs scale is

a) Quartz
b) Orthoclase
c) Talc
d) Calcite

c) Talc.

The softest mineral known as per Mohs scale is Talc.

2. Galena is an ore mineral of

a) Manganese
b) Copper
c) iron

Galena is an ore of the lead metal.

3. The second softest mineral according to the Mohs scale of hardness is the

a) Quartz
b) Gypsum
c) Talc
d) Calcite

b) Gypsum.

The second softest mineral according to the Mohs scale of hardness is the Gypsum.

4. What tools are used to test the hardness of a mineral?

a) fingernail, a
b) Copper penny
c) Streak plate
d) Steel file
e) All of these

e) All of these

5. The direction along which a mineral tends to break is called

a) Fracture
b) Form
c) Cleavage
d) All of these

c) Cleavage.

The direction along which a mineral tends to break is called cleavage.

6. The mineral with a hardness of 9 on the Mohs scale is

a) Dimond.
b) Corundum.
c) Olivine.
d) Topaz.

b) Corundum.

The mineral with a hardness of 9 in Mohs scale is corundum.

7. The mineral with a hardness of 10 on the Mohs scale is

a) Dimond.
b) Quartz.
c) Olivine.
d) Topaz.

a) Dimond.

The mineral with a hardness of 10 in Mohs scale is Dimond.

8. Crystal can be grouped into n classes, n is

a) 42
b) 32
c) 24
d) 12

d) 12.

9. The hardness of the mineral quartz is

a) 4
b) 5
c) 6
d) 7
e) 8

d) 7

10. An isometric or cubic system has _ planes of symmetry

a) 3
b) 6
c) 7
d) 9

d) 9

11. Which mineral has a bladed-like structure

a) Kyanite.
b) Slate.
c) Gypsum.
d) Calcite.

a) Kyanite.

12. Which one of the following is an economically important mineral?

a) Quartz
b) Feldespar
c) Galena
d) Amphibole

c) Galena.

Galena is an economically important mineral.

Weathering of Rocks

Rocks – MCQ

Structures in Clay Minerals – MCQ

# Weathering of Rocks – MCQ || Engineering Geology ||

## Weathering of Rocks – MCQ

1. Eolian is

a) Transported Soil ✅

b) Red Soil

c) Residual Soil

d) Black Soil

[Note: This soil is transported by the wind]

2. Of the various types of rock-forming minerals, the minerals that rank first is

a) Oxides

b) Silicates ✅

c) Carbonates

d) Sulphates

3. Soil profile indicates

a) The slope of an area as measured on the surface

b) The composition of the top layer of soil in an area

c) The character of weathering as reflected by the type of weathered products up to a certain depth ✅

d) Non of these

4. Carbonation is the action of

a) Carbon dioxide on the limestone rock

b) Atmospheric carbon dioxide mixed with moisture on rocks of suitable composition ✅

c) Atmospheric carbon dioxide on iron containing Rocks

d) Non of these

5. Which one will suffer fastest weathering?

a) Granite

b) Basalt

c) Sandstone

d) Limestone ✅

6. Spheroidal blocks are formed by

a) Mechanical weathering

b) Chemical weathering ✅

c) Mechanical and chemical weathering jointly

d) None of these

7. Glaciers are downward-moving bodies of

a) Pure snow

b) Mostly ice and maybe some snow ✅

c) Snow at the bottom and some ice at the top

d) Non of these