Foundation Engineering

Relationship Between the SPT values with Angle of shearing resistance, Compactness and Relative Density

Relationship Between the SPT values with Angle of shearing resistance, Compactness and Relative Density

Relationship Between the SPT values with Angle of shearing resistance, Compactness and Relative Density The relationship between the standard penetration test(SPT or N) values with Angle of shearing resistance(ɸ), compactness and relative Density are as follows: SPT Values (N) Compactness Relative Density Angle of shearing resistance(ɸ) 0 – 4 Very loose 0 – 15 <28° …

Difference Between Open Caissons and Pneumatic Caissons

Difference Between Open Caissons and Pneumatic Caissons Difference between well or open caissons and pneumatic caissons are as follows: 1. Structure ➤ Open caissons are box-type structures having their top and bottom open. ➤ Pneumatic caisson consists of an enclosure open at the bottom and closed at the top. 2. Cost ➤ Open caissons are …