Civil Engineering

Drip Irrigation System

One of the latest system of irrigation which is becoming increasingly popular in regions with severe lack of irrigation water and salt problems.

13 Advantages and Disadvantages of Drip Irrigation System
13 Advantages and Disadvantages of Drip Irrigation System

In drip irrigation system, the water and fertilizer are gently and directly applied to the ‘root zone of the plants, in order to reduce the losses due to evaporation and percolation.

Advantages of Drip Irrigation System

Following are the 8 advantages of drip irrigation system:
  • In this method, the water requirement is very low, since the water is given directly to the plant.
  •  loss of water due to evaporation and percolation is negligible.
  • Due to the direct water supply to the plants, the ground surface is the least wetting.
  • Competent for all types of soil, especially for coarse-textured soil.
  • The highest rate of growth of the crops.
  • There is no needed to land leveling, so the labor cost is less.
  • Reduce the harmful effects of salt.
  • Low labor requirements(labor cost is less), as most drip systems are permanent setups.

Disadvantages of Drip Irrigation 

Following are the 5 disadvantages of drip irrigation system:
  • In a drip system, frost protection is not provided
  • Plastic drip-lines and sub-mains pipe may be attacked by rodents and small animals.
  • Regular flushing is required to clean up the soil which collected near the ends of the drip lines.
  • Requires regular supervision.
  • High skill labor is required to operate and maintain.

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