# Design of Septic Tank Along With Soak Pit For 30 Users

14th May 2019Design of septic tank with soak pit for 30 users are as follows:

## Design of Septic Tank

Assume, rate of water supply = 135 lit/capita/day. Quantity of water supplied = Per capita rate ⨯ Population = 135⨯30 = 4050 lit/day.

**Assuming that 80% **of water supplied becomes sewage, we have Quantity of sewage produced = 4050⨯0.8 = 3240 lit/day.

Assuming detention period = 18 hours. Quantity of sewage produced during the detention period = 3240⨯(18/24) = 2430 litres.

Assuming the rate of deposited sludge = 30 lit/capita/year & cleaning period = 2 years. The volume of sludge deposited = 30⨯30⨯2 = 1800 litres.

**The total required capacity of the tank** = Capacity for sewage + Capacity for sludge = 2430 + 1800 = 4230 litres = 4.23 Cu.m

Provide depth of the tank = 1.5m. The surface area of the tank = 4.23/1.5 = 2.82m. Provide the ratio of length(L) to width(B) = 3: 1

So, 3B² = 2.82 or, B = 0.97 m.

Provide **width of the tank** = 1.0m, and **length of the tank** = 3⨯1.0 = 3.0m. Provided freeboard = 0.3m.

So, overall depth of the tank =1.5+0.3 = 1.8m. **Hence, use a tank of size 3.0m⨯1.0m⨯1.8m**

## Design of Soak Pit

Assume, percolating capacity of the filtering media = 1250 lit/Cu.m/day. Quantity of sewage produced = 3240 lit/day.

**Volume** (of filtering media) required for soak pit = 3240/1250 = 2.592 Cm.m. Provided depth of soak pit 2.0m.

**Area of soak pit required** = 2.592/2.0 = 1.296m. Therefore **dia of soak pit** =√{(1.296⨯4)/π = 1.28m = 1.30m(say).

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