What is the Earth Cofferdam? Learn about it

What is the Earth Cofferdam?

Earth cofferdam is the simplest form of a cofferdam. It is very easy to construct but it is not effective for such places where the depth of water is above 2 m.

The earth is likely to be easily washed away so this type of cofferdam is not suitable where water velocity is high. Its use is limited to small depths of water say up to 2 m.

The width of such dams should not be less than 1 m at the top. And, the sides of the bank should be properly sloped to provide stability and imperviousness. The sides slope of the earth cofferdam depends on the type of soil used for its construction.

Earth cofferdam may be made from a mixture of sand and clay. To prevent the scouring effect due to the action of water, the side slopes should be protected by covering with rip rap or stone rubble pitching.

Read More:

Rockfill Cofferdams

Sandbag Cofferdams

Uses of Cofferdams