How to Determine Runoff by using Rational Method
First of all, we need to understand which formula or expression are used for determination of runoff. In rational method, the runoff is given by the following expression:
Q = Runoff in cumec
K = Coefficient of runoff
i = Intensity of rainfall in cm/hr
A = Catchment area in hectares
Above formula may also be expressed as follows,
This formula applies when the intensity of rainfall is given in mm/hr. Otherwise, all units are the same as above.
A catchment area of 35 sq km consists of two-thirds rural area and one-third urban area. The rainfall in the whole catchment area is recorded as 30 mm/hr. Find the total runoff from the catchment area.
We know the total are = 35 sq km = 3500 hectares ( 1 sq km = 100 hectares)
Rural area = = 2333.33 hectares
Urban area = = 1166.66 hectares.
Rainfall intensity i = 30 mm/hr.
Assuming, runoff coefficient for urban area = 0.50 and for rural area = 0.30
In rational method the runoff is given by,
Or, Q = 89.12 cumec.