What is Consolidation?
Consolidation can be defined as the compression resulting from a long term static load and the consequent escape of pore water from the saturated soil mass.
According to terzaghi, every process involving a decrease in the water content of a saturated soil mass due to the replacement of water by air is called a consolidation process.
Consolidation occurs due to one or more of the following factors:
a) Due to external static loads from structures.
b) Due to the self-weight of the soil such as recently placed fills.
c) Due to the lowering of the groundwater table.
d) Due to desiccation.
Consolidation Settlement Analysis of Soil
The Utility of Consolidation Data