10 Types of Roads Classification in India(Urban & Non-Urban Road)

Types of roads in India

10 Types of Classification of Roads

Indian roads are classified as a rural(non-urban) and urban roads, they are further classified as a national highway, state highway, expressway, village roads, etc. following 10 types of roads are described below:

10 types of Roads Classification in India(Urban and Non-Urban Road)

Classification of Rural(Non-Urban) Roads

The road which is located in the non-urban areas connect cities & towns across the country are called rural roads or non-urban roads. This classification also known as IRC classification of roads. In India, Non-urban roads are classified into five categories as follows. 

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1) National Highway (N.H)

The national highway is the main roads running through the length and breadth of the country. They connect capitals of states, ports, large towns, industrial centres, and foreign highways.

Types of roads - National Highway (N.H)

Such highways are the main arteries of road transport in the country. These are of national importance for strategic, administrative and other purposes. Example: N.H-34, N.H-31 .

2) State Highways (S.H)

These roads are the main arteries of traffic within a state. They connect important cities and district headquarters within the state. They are also known as Provincial Highways. These highways are the main arteries of road transport within a state.
Example: S.H-7 

 State Highways (S.H)

3) Major District Roads (M.D.R)

The important roads within a district serving area of production and markets and connecting those with each other or with main highways are known as Major District Roads. 

Classification of Roads - Major District Roads (M.D.R)

4) Other District Roads (O.D.R)

The roads serving rural areas of production and connecting them with an outlet to market centres, taluk headquarters, block headquarters or other main roads are called Other District Roads.

5) Village Roads

The roads connecting villages or groups of villages with each other or with the nearest road of a higher category are known as village roads.

10 Types of Classification of Roads 
 - Village Roads

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Classification of Urban Roads

The road systems within urban areas are classified as urban roads. In India, urban roads are classified into the following categories: 

1) Expressways

The portion of the roadway of an urban road reserved for use only by high speed or power-driven vehicles is called Expressway or motorway or superhighway. 

Classification of Urban Roads - Expressways

2) Arterial  Roads

These are streets primarily for the high traffic on a continuous route. Arterials have a higher level of traffic mobility.

Classification of Urban Roads - Arterial  Roads

3) Sub-arterial Roads

These roads serve the same purposes as an arterial road but have a lower level of traffic than the arterial roads.

Classification of Urban Roads  - Sub-arterial Roads

4) Collector Streets

Collector Streets provide access to arterial streets and they collect & distribute from and to local streets.

5) Local Streets

Local Streets provide access to adjoining property. These streets do not carry a large volume of traffic.

Local Streets

Types of Roads – Video


What is the IRC classification of roads?

The classification of rural or non-urban roads are also known as IRC classification of roads: As per IRC classification, the roads are divided into the following categories:
1) National Highway (N.H)
2) State Highways (S.H)
3) Major District Roads (M.D.R)

4) Other District Roads (O.D.R)
5) Village Roads

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