Advantages of Thermal Insulation
The thermal insulation of the buildings is done to gain following advantages:
1. Comfort to the Occupants
Thermally insulated buildings or rooms remain cool in summer and warm in winter than outside. This results in comfortable conditions for the occupants, inside the building.
2. Power Saving
In very cold countries(like; Russia, Canada, USA, Sweden), central or other systems of heating are installed to keep warmer conditions inside the buildings. Similarly in hot countries(like India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Kenya, etc.), air conditioning is required to maintain the desired temperature inside the buildings.
Both heating and air conditioning involve the expenditure of energy. Due to thermal insulation, require less consumption of energy to maintain the desired temperature inside the building.
The provision of thermal insulating materials inside a room prevents condensation on interior walls and ceilings. The condensation is the deposition of moisture and it takes place when warm air comes into contact with surfaces having a temperature below the dew point.
Condensation is harmful in some of the manufacturing processes. If condensation is the outcome of the manufacturing process, the humidity may be reduced by passing air through a humidifier.
4. Water System
Use of thermal insulating materials reduces the risk of water freezing in winter, and loss of heat in case of hot water system.