Causes of Planting of Trees on Road Side
Planting of trees on roadsides is called road arboriculture. It is one of the important aspects of roadside development. It serves the following purpose(Benefits of the planting of trees on the roadside):
1. It provides an attractive landscape of roadsides.
2. It provides shed to the road users.
3. It prevents soil erosion from the roadside.
4. It intercepts the annoying sound waves and fumes from road vehicles.
In an urban area, the side planting is mainly for the beauty and therefore, ornamental and flowering variety is generally preferred. On wide urban roads, the planting of shrubs is done on the medians and trees are planted on roadsides. Wide crowned trees on roadsides are generally not preferred.
Method of Care of Tree on Road Side
After planting of trees on roadsides, the following operations are carried out on trees for their care throughout the life span:
1. Pruning and defrocking
Pruning is required for plants after they are placed in position. This process helps them to be denser and growing straight. It is done in cold weather only with the help of a sharp knife.
Lopping is done to drain the tree to develop a certain shape during its growth. In this process, extra branches of the tree are removed which otherwise interfere with traffic.
Felling is a process of removing the over-matured or closely spaced trees.