12 Different Types of Brick Cuts Used in Brick Masonry

Different Types of Brick Cuts

There are several types of brick cuts that are generally created to fulfil the requirement for brick masonry work. In this article, I will show you all types of brick cuts that are usually used in brick masonry work.

12 Different Types of Brick Cuts Used in Brick Masonry
Different Types of Brick Cuts Used in Brick Masonry

1. CLOSER

It is nothing but a piece of bricks used to close up the bond at the end of the course. It is prepared by the worker with the edge of the trowel. In this case, the cut is always done along with the longitudinal edge. Broadly closer are divided into the following categories – king closer, queen closer, bevelled closer, mitred closer.

2. QUEEN CLOSER

This is longitudinally cut, half-brick. These cut bricks are obtained by cutting a full brick longitudinally in two equal parts. The queen closer is ever used immediately after quoin header to obtain the break of vertical joints from the brick course immediately below this course.

QUEEN CLOSER - Types of Brick Cuts
QUEEN CLOSER

3. QUEEN CLOSER (QUARTER)

When the queen closer or half queen closer is further divided into two equal parts along its wide is called quarter closers.

QUEEN CLOSER QUARTER
QUEEN CLOSER (QUARTER)

4. KING CLOSER

This piece of brick is obtained by cutting a triangular portion of the brick joining the middle points of length and width of the brick. It is mostly used near the door and window opening to get a proper arrangement of the mortar joints.

KING CLOSER - brick cuts
KING CLOSER

5. BEVELED CLOSER

It is another type of brick closer. Bevelled closer is prepared by cutting a triangular portion of the brick in such a way that the cutting portion is started from a corner of the brick and ended at the middle portion of the other header face. This closer appears as queen closer from one face but the full header from the other face. It is usually used for splayed brickwork, as in the case of jambs of doors and windows.

BEVELED CLOSER - Different Types of Brick Cuts
BEVELED CLOSER

6. MITRED CLOSER

Mitred closer is obtained by cutting a triangular part of the brick in such a way that the cutting face is inclined at 45 to 60 degrees with a longer stretcher face of the brick. One longer face of this closer is smaller than its original length, whereas another longer face is intact.

MITRED CLOSER - Brick closer
MITRED CLOSER

7. BAT

It is a piece of a brick and is designed according to its length or we can say it is part of a brick named according to its length. Generally, bats are classified into three categories, they are Half bat, three-quarters bat, and bevelled bat.

8. HALF BAT

Half bat – In simple words, when the brick length is Half then it is called Half bat. In other words, if the bat is Half brick in length, it is termed Half bat.

HALF BAT - Brick bats or brick cuts
HALF BAT

9. THREE QUARTER BAT

If the bat is three-quarters of the brick length, then it is called three-quarter bat.

THREE QUARTER BAT - brick bats or cuts
THREE QUARTER BAT

10. BEVELED BAT

If the bat is prepared as bevelled in shape, then it is called a bevelled bat.

BEVELED BAT - Brick bats
BEVELED BAT

11. BULLNOSE

When the brick is moulded or cut or dressed with a rounded angle, it is called bullnose. It is used in form of quoin. Brick having double bullnose is called cownose.

Bullnose brick
BULLNOSE

12. Squint quoin

Squint quoin is a piece of brick. It is obtained by moulding or cutting in such a way that in-plane angle rather than right angle is formed.

Squint quoin
Squint quoin

Read Also:

Characteristics of First Class Bricks

Characteristics of Second Class Bricks

Bonds in Brickwork – MCQ