What is Dressing of Stone?
Stone is a construction material that is used in buildings as well as road and railway construction. Stone of different shapes and sizes are required for different jobs. The stones quarried from quarries cannot be used directly for construction work as they are quite irregular. This is why they need to be cut or dressed to the required size and shape before use. The dressing of stone is a process by which quarried stones are properly cut and dressed, ultimately giving a shape to a particular work.
Different Types of Stone Dressing Process
In this article, you can learn about several types of stone dressing processes that are commonly implemented.
1. Quarry-Faced Finish
Some of the stone blocks are directly used in stone masonry work without any dressing at the site of the work. But, the large projection of the stone faces is knocked off by using a quarry hammer as soon as the stone is quarried. The faces of such types of stones are rough. These types of stones are called self-faced or quarry-faced stones.
2. Scabbling Finish
It is also a type of rough dressing of stone. In this type of finish, the irregular projections from the quarried stone blocks are removed by means of a scabbling hammer. Scabbling Finish helps to improve the aesthetic value of the stone.
3. Axed Finish
In this type of finish, mostly the hard stone surfaces are dressed with the help of an Axe. This is also a sort of rough dressing of stones.
4. Tooled Finish
In this type of dressing, the surface of the stone is dressed with the help of different tools such as chisels, drag, etc. In this finish, continuous parallel marks by the chisel, either horizontal or verticle or inclined, are left on the surface of the stones. By using different chisels, different patterns of finished surfaces can be obtained.
5. Punched Finish
In this type of stone dressing, the exposed surface of the stone is dressed by using punches. The entire surface consists of uniformly distributed punch marks. This is also a rough dressing process. And, that is why it is required further dressing before using it.
6. Furrowed Finish
In this type of stone dressing, the exposed face of the stone is finished by making a number of vertical and horizontal grooves. Typically, the grooves that form on the surface of the stone are about 10 mm wide. And, a 2 cm wide margin is also made around the edges of the exposed face.
More coming soon…