50 Construction Tools List, Names, Images & Uses – Building Construction

Constructing, creating, or making anything is not an easy task like destroying something. When it comes to the building structure, definitely it requires some tools for assistance. There are numerous construction tools that are widely used for fulfilling construction purposes.

47+ Construction Tools List, Names, Images & Uses - Building Construction
50 Construction Tools List, Names, Images & Uses – Building Construction

Since ancient times, people have been using different types of construction tools to build their shelters and other necessary structures.

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Tools include various categories like hand tools, power tools, and machine tools. With experts’ supervision, these tools are used for development purposes. Some tools have specified functions while some are considered to be multifunctional as well.

Proper training is required while using the tools for personal safeguard and from causing damages. Quality, weight, comfortability, appropriateness to the job, security, maintenance, duration of use, damage potential are the basic criteria that should be considered for selecting the construction tools for better usage.

List of Construction Tools

The list of 50 construction tools are as follows:

  1. Chisel
  2. Brick Hammer
  3. Circular Saw
  4. Boning Rods
  5. Bump Cutter
  6. Chain Lewis and Pin Lewis
  7. Digging bar
  8. Drill machine
  9. End Frames
  10. Float Trowel
  11. Hand saw
  12. Head pan
  13. Hoe
  14. Ladder
  15. Measuring tape
  16. Jack plane
  17. Crowbar
  18. Measuring wheel
  19. Measuring box
  20. Plumb bob
  21. Mason’s square
  22. Pickaxe
  23. Spade
  24. Sledge Hammer
  25. Earth Rammer
  26. Scratchers
  27. Polisher
  28. Putty Knife
  29. Plumb Rule
  30. Rubber Boots
  31. Safety Helmet
  32. Wheelbarrow
  33. Wedge
  34. Spirit level
  35. Straight edge Brushes
  36. Gloves
  37. Safety Glass
  38. Bevel
  39. Pencil or chalk
  40. Trowel
  41. Tile Cutter
  42. Water level
  43. Scoop tool
  44. Wire brush
  45. Binding Hook
  46. Safety Belt
  47. Nail
  48. Broom
  49. Utility knife
  50. Wirecutter

Here, in this article, we are going to discuss about the basic construction tools that are considered essential assistants for construction. Also, Images/pictures and usage of all these tools will be provided.

1. Chisel

Chisel is used for removing the extended concrete from the concrete surface. But, it is mostly used for woodwork. It has a sharp cutting edge that helps to cut extra materials from the original material. The price of a chisel is around $5 to $15.

Chisel - Construction tools
Chisel

2. Brick Hammer

A brick hammer is a construction tool that is mostly used for cutting the brick in the expected size. Same time, the other edge of the hammer is used to break the brick as well as for pushing the bricks back to their position in response to the course line. A good quality brick hammer costs about $ 18 to $ 35.

Construction Tools - Brick Hammer
Construction Tools – Brick Hammer

3. Circular Saw

A circular saw is a tool mostly preferred for accurate cutting. It is usually used for cutting the frames, wood boards, etc. with comparatively less time. Moreover, it is safer in comparison to the hard saw. The average price of a circular saw is about $145.

Circular Saw is a hand tool
Circular Saw

4. Boning Rods

Boning rods are T-shaped rods that are used for leveling purposes. In the case of excavating the trench, at least three boning rods are required for leveling the surface of the trench. These are traditionally made of hardwoods. But nowadays, metals are also used to make boning rods.

Boning Rods tool image
Boning rods

5. Bump Cutter

It is also a level measuring equipment that is used to level up the concrete surfaces by cutting the bumps and filling the low areas through its sharp edges. Bump cutter is also known as screed.

Bump Cutter - Construction tool image
Bump Cutter

6. Chain Lewis and Pin Lewis

Both of these are considered as lifting devices for the construction of stone masonry. Chain lewis consists of two curved steel legs, connected by steel rings.

 Chain Lewis and Pin Lewis Image- construction tool
Construction Tools – Chain Lewis and Pin Lewis

7. Digging bar

It is another digging tool that is used to dig up soil from the ground surface. It is made of solid metal rods consisting of a flat-shaped bottom. If you want to plant a tree or stand something to the ground vertically, this tool helps to create the foundation by digging the soil. The price of a digging bar is around $55 to $210, depending on its size and built-up metal quality.

Digging bar
Digging bar

8. Drill machine

A drilling machine is a construction tool that consists of a sharp drilling element at the end of it which rotate while making a hole. It is used to create holes in the slabs, frames, doors, walls, etc. It can be of many kinds depending on their power. You can make holes of different shapes and sizes by using this machine.

Construction Tools - Drill machine image
Construction Tools – Drill machine

It is mostly used for electric works, carpentry works or for hanging something on the walls. The price of a drilling machine varies from $50 to $500 or even more, depending on its capacity and drilling types.

9. End Frames

The end frame is an L-shaped frame that is used to properly align brick masonry.

10. Float Trowel

A Float Trowel is nothing but a construction tool that consists of a smooth surface at its bottom which is used to smoothen the plastered surfaces and concrete surfaces. At the top, a handle is fixed to hold it and to use it.

Float Trowel - Construction tool
Float Trowel

11. Hand saw

A hand saw is a sharp instrument that comes with a handle mostly used for wooden work. It is used for cutting the wood(like – door frames, door and windows panels, shuttering frames, wooden ballies, etc.) into the required shape and size.

Hand saw - Construction Tool
Construction Tools: – Hand saw

12. Head pan

This iron-made instrument is used for carrying excavated soils, newly mixed concrete, etc. Mostly it is used for the small size of work to carry construction materials from one place to another by taking it on the head.

Head pan - Construction Tool
Head pan

13. Hoe

A hoe is an excavating tool consisting of a metal plate at its bottom and a wooden or bamboo-made handle connected with the plate. It is used to excavate the soil. It is also used to fill up the ‘head pan’ with concrete or soil.

Hoe - excavating tool
Hoe

14. Ladder

It is a kind of equipment with two uprising legs and a series of steps connecting the legs. This tool is used to carry an article to a height that the hand does not reach, and to climb down something from there. It is an important tool for checking the slab works, and for transporting the materials to an upper level. The ladder is also used during painting or hanging some things on walls.

Ladder - Construction tool
Ladder

15. Measuring tape

Measuring tape is one of the most important tools that is used for each and every type of construction work. This is a distance measuring tool consists of a long and thin section of cloth, metal or plastic designated with measuring units.

Measuring tape - measurement tools
Measuring tool – Measuring tape

These are very useful while checking out the length, height, and thickness of the walls, trenches, foundation beds, doors, windows, etc. The price of a measuring tape is about 7$ to 55$. It depends on their measuring length sizes.

16. Jack plane

It is one type of tool consisting of a sharp bled at the bottom of its. The jack plane is mostly used for wooden work. It is used to smooth the surface of the wood. The price of a jack plane is around 18$ to 65 $.

Jack plane - carpentry tool as well as construction tool
Jack plane

17. Crowbar

Cowbar is nothing but a bar made of steel. The end of this bar is curved and flattened. This tool is mostly used to pick up nails from the wood, and to open the nailed wood. Its other end is also sometimes made sharp and flattened. It is also used to dig out the ground and for removing the roots of the trees from the ground. It has several names like wrecking bar, pry bar, jemmy bar, jimmy, pinch-bar, prise bar, gooseneck, etc.

Crowbar - digging tools/ construction tool
Crowbar

18. Measuring wheel

A measuring wheel has a wheel with a known diameter. It records the distance or length by counting the number of revolutions which makes the measurements easier. It is also known as the surveyor’s wheel, waywiser, click wheel, etc. This tool is mostly used during road and railway construction.

Measuring wheel - Lenght measurement tool used for construction purposes
List of Basic Construction Tools – Measuring wheel

19. Measuring box

The measuring box consists of fixed dimensions generally being 300 mm. X 300 mm. X 400 mm. (length, width, and depth respectively). As it is of a fixed dimension, it does not require to be weighted repetitively for measuring the quantity of sand, cement, and other materials. During concrete mixing, it is the best tool for measuring concrete ingredients in the right proportions.

Measuring box - Volume measurement tool used in construction work
Measuring Tools used in Construction – Measuring box

20. Plumb bob

A plumb bob is a weight with a pointed tip. It is generally made up of a solid metal hanging down to the end of a thread. It is used for checking the verticality of the structure and leveling the position of the survey instruments.

 Plumb bob - Level Instruments used in Construction work
Level Instruments used in Construction work – Plumb bob

21. Mason’s square

Mason squares are used to make sure that two perpendicular surfaces are at right angles to each other. This is generally ‘L-shaped tool. It is mostly used for brick or stone masonry work.

Mason’s square
Mason’s square

22. Pickaxe

A pickaxe is basically a hand tool that is supposed to be T-shaped. It consists of two parts, i.e. a metal-made head and a handle made up of wood, metal or fibreglasses. The pickaxe is used for prying or excavating the soil. It is an agricultural tool but is also used for construction and mining work. Its metal part has two edges, one-point edge, the other flat sharp edge.

Basic Construction Tools - Pickaxe
Pickaxe

23. Spade

Spade is a construction tool consisting of a metal plate at the end of a long wooden or metal handle. It is used to dig the soil and pick up construction materials to the carrying pan.

Construction Tools - Spade
Construction Tools – Spade

24. Sledge Hammer

Sledge hammer is made up of a heavy metal head connected to a wooden or metal handle. It is used to break the hard ground, stone, brick, etc. It is also used where something has to be demolished.

Basic Construction Tools - Sledge Hammer
Sledge Hammer

25. Earth Rammer

An earth rammer is a soil compacting tool. It is used to level the ground and for compressing or compacting soil of the uneven bottom surface after a ground excavation.

Basic Construction Tools - Earth Rammer
Basic Construction Tools – Earth Rammer

26. Scratchers

As the name suggests, it is a tool used to scratch surfaces. Generally, plasterwork is done by providing two layers, one above the other. It is used to scratch the bottom layer of plaster so that the finishing layer creates a good bond with the bottom layer of the plaster. It is also used during placing tiles on the floor.

27. Polisher

A polisher is a machine tool used for smoothing the surface of tiles, marbles, woods, etc. The smoothening makes the surface shiny and attractive. The process of smoothing the surface by using a polisher is called polishing. The price of a polisher machine is around $110 to $310.

28. Putty Knife

A Putty knife is an important tool used to level the putty surface as a whole. It is used to cut the extra putty where the putty thickness is higher than the other parts. The average price of this tool is around $25.

Putty Knife
Image of Putty Knife tool

29. Plumb Rule

A plumb rule is a construction tool consisting of a straight wooden board with uniform edges. It is used to check the verticality of a wall. For this purpose, a “plumb bob” is suspended from the upper edge of the plumb rule and a groove is provided at the center of the plumb rule.

Construction Tools - Plumb Rule
Image of Plumb Rule tool

At the time of checking the verticality of the wall, the plum rule is laid vertically on the wall. At that time, the position of the plumb bob should be in the center of the plumb rule. Otherwise, it will be considered as not vertical.

30. Rubber Boots

Rubber boots are safety tools made of rubber that is mostly used for safety purpose during construction work. There are several chemicals present in the cement, admixture, etc. It is really harmful to human skin. Therefore, it is always advised to wear rubber boots during work to protect your legs from direct contact with chemicals, and also from physical accidents.

Safety Construction Tools - Rubber Boots
Safety Construction Tools – Rubber Boots

31. Safety Helmet

Safety Helmet is another safety tool used in construction work. There is a possibility of something falling from a height during work. Safety Helmet is one that helps to protect your head from such incidents. The price of such helmets is about $20 to $75.

Safety equipment used in Construction site -  Safety Helmet
Safety equipment used in the Construction site – Safety Helmet

32. Wheelbarrow

A wheelbarrow is a conveying tool consisting of a metal-made tray connected with a metal frame. There are one or two wheels at the front and two handles at the back of the wheelbarrow. It is generally used for transporting the bulk quantity of sand, cement, concrete mix, etc. at the demand site.

 Construction Tools - Wheelbarrow
Image of Wheelbarrow

33. Wedge

The wedge is a small cutting tool. It is a small blade made of solid metal. It is used for cutting and breaking rock surfaces.

 Construction Tools - Wedge
Wedge

34. Spirit level

It is a rectangular-shaped small box made up of wood or hard plastic. It comes with a bubble tube placed in the middle. This bubble tube is partially filled up with alcohol and thus an air bubble is formed in it. Spirit level is used for checking the level of the surface. When the bubble is settled in the middle of the tube, it is considered that the surface is leveled properly.

Spirit level
Level Measuring Tools – Spirit level

35. Straight edge Brushes

This is a special type of brush that is used for providing finishing to the plaster surfaces specifically at the edges and corners of the wall.

Straight edge Brushes
Straight edge Brushes

36. Gloves

There are quite common chances to injure your hand during construction work. Therefore it is very important to protect your hand from any damage. Hand gloves are safety tools that can protect your hand from any incident. It also protects your hand from direct contact with several chemicals present in cement, admixture, etc.

Safety Tools Used for Construction - Hand Gloves
Safety Tools Used for Construction – Hand Gloves

37. Safety Glass

Safety Glass This is another safety tool used for protecting the human eye from entering foreign debris in it. It is commonly used in welding work, carpentry work, and during cutting tiles, steel, and other materials.

Safety Construction Tools -  Safety Glass
Safety Construction Tools – Safety Glass

38. Bevel

A bevel is a tool used to duplicate an existing angle.

Bevel Tool
Bevel Tool

39. Pencil or chalk

A pencil or chalk is a marking tool used to mark or point out some things according to their importance.

Pencil or chalk
Pencil or chalk

40. Trowel

The trowel is a very important construction tool. It is used both for brick and stone masonry work. When the brick wall is constructed, it is used to lift and spread mortar on the bed. It is also sometimes used for tapping the brick on the bed as well as rough cutting of soft brick.

Trowel
Trowel

41. Tile Cutter

A tile cutter is a tool that is used to cut tiles to the required size. It is the most important tool for the tile installation worker.

42. Water level

The water level consists of a plastic pipe filled up with water. It is used to measure a height of an item subject to others. In other words, it is a tool used for determining the level of two spots that are at distance from each other.

Level Measuring Tools – Water level

43. Scoop tool

A scoop is a tool used to pick up a particular quantity of materials for testing or other purposes.

Scoop tool
Image of Scoop tool

44. Wire brush

The wire brush is used to remove slag and spatter from the metal surface and is also used to clean up old and faded paint from the surface.

Wire brush
Wire brush

45. Binding Hook

The binding hook is used to bind two steel bars at the joint section by using binding wire.

Binding Hook
Binding Hook

46. Safety Belt

It is used to prevent sudden fall of the worker during work in high altitude.

Safety Belt
Safety Belt

47. Nail

Nail is mostly used to fasten two objects with each other, but it is also used as a tool in the construction fields like pointing out a spot, marking a location, holding threads end, etc.

Construction tool - Nail
Construction tool – Nail

48. Broom

A broom is a tool used to clean surfaces.

49. Utility knife

A utility knife is used to cut cable, rope, plastic sheet, etc.

50. Wirecutter

Other Construction Tools

At last, it can be said that, along with the 50 construction tools discussed above, many other tools are there which are essential for the construction purpose during the present era. Some of the other tools are screws, rubbers, safety belts, vacuum blower, etc.


In the modern era, many construction tools are used for multiple purposes. Moreover, the variation and ranges have also been widened which is definitely a good sign for the development. Day by day, many companies are coming forward for making good quality construction tools to compete in the market as well. Even online purchase is also possible for these types of equipment which are coming out to be very useful for the builders to carry forward the necessary works.

Read Also:

Heavy Construction Equipment

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