# What is Bulk, Submerged, Dry and Saturated Density of Solids of Soil

3rd August 2018Contents

## Density

The density or unit weight of a soil mass is defined as its weight per unit volume.

### a. What is Bulk Density (𝛾)

The **bulk density** or moist density 𝛾 is defined as the total weight (W) as a soil mass per unit of its total volume (V). **Thus, 𝛾 =W/V**

### b. What is Submerged Density (𝛾sub)

The submerged density or buoyant unit weight is defined as the submerged weight ( )sub of the soil solids per unit of total volume (V) of the soil mass.

Thus, It is also expressed as,

Where

**is the density of water and is the saturated density of soil.**

### c. What is Dry Density

The dry density or dry unit weight 𝛾d is defined as the weight of solids ( ) per unit of total volume (V) of the soil mass. **Thus, **

### d. What is Saturated Density

When the soil mass is saturated, its bulk density is called the saturated density. Thus saturated density is the ratio of the total weight of a saturated soil sample ( ) to its total volume (V). **Thus, **

### e. What is the Density of Solids

The density or unit weight of soil solids Is the weight of soil solids ( ) per unit volume of the solids ( ). **Thus,**

*Read also:*

**Define Specific Gravity, Bulk Specific Gravity, Air Content and Percentage Air Voids**

**What is Porosity, Void Ratio, Water or Moisture Content, And Degree of Saturation of Soil**