Methods for Curing of Concrete
The concrete is cured by any of the following methods, depending upon the type of construction work, Following 9 methods for curing of concrete are described below.
In this method, the newly laid concrete surface is covered by wet gunny bags or hessian, which are wetted periodically. This method is suitable for horizontal as well as vertical and sloping surfaces.
It is one of the best methods for curing of concrete, mostly practiced in India. In this method, the whole surface is divided into rectangular or square enclosures by constructing small clay or mud bunds and these enclosures are filled with water periodically forming small ponds. Read Also: Mud Plaster.
This method is suitable for curing horizontal surfaces such as the floor, pavements, etc. Though this method is very good, the water requirement for this method is very large, and sometimes mud bunds may be washed out by water or water may be leaked through mud bunds.
3. Immersing In Water
Pre-cast concrete members are often cured by immersing them underwater. This method is not acceptable everywhere due to the lack of water.
4. Steam Curing
In this method steam under pressure is sprayed over the concrete surface. This method is adopted in the case of pre-cast members like concrete sleepers.
In this curing method, the concrete surface is kept wet by sprinkling water frequently over the surface. In this case, the water requirement is very large, therefore, it is acceptable for that place where water is sufficiently available for this method.
6. Curing With Chemical
In this method, water is sprinkled over the surface after adding a certain amount of hygroscopic salt such as NaCl, CaCl, etc. which absorbs moisture from the atmosphere.
7. Membrane Curing
In this method, the concrete surface is kept covered by a waterproof membrane such as wax emulsion, bitumen emulsion, etc.
The bituminous compounds are black in color. The heat absorbed by such substances is therefore much higher. They end up raising the concrete surface temperature which is inappropriate. For this reason, certain non-black modified compounds are used. These types of compounds are known as ”Clear Compounds”, which help to reduce heat absorption.
The membrane prevents the evaporation of water from the concrete surface. In order to obtain the best results, the membrane is applied after one or two days of actual water curing.
8. Electrical Curing
The electrical curing method is applicable for cold climate regions. This method is not preferable in ordinary climate regions.
In this method, concrete can be cured by passing an electric current( must be an alternative current) through the concrete. Prevention must be taken during curing by the electrical method.
As they have many disadvantages, so, this method is not much more acceptable for curing of concrete.
9. Curing By Infrared Radiation
It is another method for curing of concrete, which is applicable in very cold climate regions. The infrared radiation method is mostly used in Russia. It is claimed that this method helps to get more rapid strength than steam curing.
Best Concrete Curing Methods For Different Types of Structures
|Types of Structure||Best Methods for Different Types of Concrete Structure|
|Horizontal members like floor, roof, etc.||For horizontal members, ponding is the best-suited method, other methods like sprinkling, steam curing, chemical, and membrane Curing are also preferable.|
|vertical members like columns, walls, etc.||For curing vertical members, covering and sprinkling are the best-suited methods.|
|Pre-cast members||For pre-cast members, steam curing and immersing in water are the best methods.|
|Concrete structure in very cold weather||For very cold regions, electrical curing and curing By infrared radiation method may be used.|
How many methods are used for concrete curing?
There are different methods used for curing of concrete, Following 9 methods are used for concrete curing:
- Immersing In Water
- Steam Curing
- Curing With Chemical
- Membrane Curing
- Electrical Curing
- Curing By Infrared Radiation
What is the best method of curing concrete?
When the best methods are asked for curing, it will always be covering, water spray, and ponding. However, these methods require more water than others. These methods are not applicable where water deficiency is the main headache.
What is the minimum curing period?
The minimum period for curing to gain maximum strength(approximately 90%) is 28 Days
What happens if curing is not done?
Curing ensures the hydration of cement. If the curing is not done, there will be a lack of water which will cause insufficient hydration and this can lead to cracks and poor strength development in the concrete.
Can curing be done without water?
Yes, curing can be done without water, where water deficiency is more, there some other methods are used for concrete curing, such as chemical curing, electrical curing, membrane curing, etc.
How much strength gain after 7-day curing period?
Concrete gains 55 to 65 % strength after 7 day curing period.
- 1 Methods for Curing of Concrete
- 1.1 1. Covering
- 1.2 2. Ponding
- 1.3 3. Immersing In Water
- 1.4 4. Steam Curing
- 1.5 5. Sprinkling
- 1.6 6. Curing With Chemical
- 1.7 7. Membrane Curing
- 1.8 8. Electrical Curing
- 1.9 9. Curing By Infrared Radiation
- 1.10 Best Concrete Curing Methods For Different Types of Structures
- 1.11 FAQs
- 1.12 Share this:
- 1.13 Related