18 Types of Flooring || Building Construction ||

18 Types of Flooring

Flooring is an important part of a building. A variety of materials are used to construct the floor. It is very important to choose an appropriate and reliable material to create an attractive floor for your home. In this article, I will help you to trace the right floor for your home. The following 18 types of flooring are generally used in building construction.

1. Mud Flooring

Mud flooring is not used in urban areas. It is mostly used in rural areas in the kutcha village houses. This type of flooring is very cheap and easy to construct. This flooring is eco-friendly. Know more about Mud flooring.

18 Different Types of Flooring -  Mud Flooring
Types of Flooring – #1. Mud Flooring

2. Muram Flooring

Muram flooring is again the cheapest type of flooring. It can only be used for the ground floor. It is used in kutcha village houses like mud flooring. It is also an eco-friendly flooring. Read more about Muram flooring.

3. Flagstone Flooring

Flagstone is nothing but sandstone with a regular size of 20 mm to 40mm. The thickness of these stones is uniform. When such types of stones are used for making a floor is known as flagstone flooring.

18 Different Types of Flooring - Flagstone Flooring
Types of Flooring – #3. Flagstone Flooring

4. Brick Flooring

Brick flooring is another type of flooring. It is generally used where heavy objects are to be stacked like godowns, sheds, stores etc. It is comparatively cheap and easy to construct. Learn more about Brick flooring.

Brick Flooring
Brick Flooring

5. Cement Concrete Flooring

Cement concrete flooring is the most commonly used type of floor these days. It is used for both residential as well as public buildings. This type of flooring is cheap and easy to maintain.

Cement Concrete Flooring
Cement Concrete Flooring

6. Granolithic Flooring

Granolithic flooring is just like cement concrete flooring, The only difference is that the finishing cot is provided with a granolithic finish. The granolithic finish provides hard and durable flooring. Read more about Granolithic flooring.

Granolithic Flooring
Granolithic Flooring

7. Tiles Flooring

If you want to upgrade your home with a durable and attractive floor then tiles flooring will be the best choice for your home. Tiles are pre-cast units of pottery, cement concrete, or terrazzo. It is available in different shapes like square, polygonal, etc. This type of floor is durable and good-looking. It can be used for the bathroom, kitchen, W.C, swimming pool, etc.,

18 Different Types of Flooring - Tiles Flooring
Types of Flooring – #7. Tiles Flooring

8. Terrazzo Flooring

Terrazzo flooring is a special type of cement concrete flooring. This special type of cement concrete is prepared by mixing of marble chips or other materials with cement or colored cement. In this case, marble chips or other decorative materials are used as an aggregate, and white cement or colored cement is used as a binder.

Generally, the ratio of cement and marble chips is 1:3. Although, this ratio depends upon the size of marble chips, is used.

This special type of concrete is known as terrazzo cement concrete. The floor in which topping or finishing is made of terrazzo cement concrete is known as terrazzo flooring. The thickness of the Terrazzo flooring varies between 8 mm to 12 mm.

Terrazzo flooring is more attractive than normal cement concrete flooring. These days, it has become a more popular flooring type. It has more wear-resisting properties. This flooring is mostly used in hotels, offices, and public buildings.

9. Mosaic Flooring

In this flooring, the top surface exhibits various patterns of marble pieces or broken tiles. These marble pieces may be in different colors. These types of flooring are very good in appearance. It is used in public as well as residential buildings. Read More AboutMosaic Flooring

10. Timber Flooring

Timber flooring is not common in India. however, it is used in hilly areas where timber is easily available.

18 Different Types of Flooring - Timber Flooring
Timber Flooring

11. Asphalt Flooring

Previously, asphalt flooring was not preferred because of the bad smell and ugly color, particularly for indoor floors.

However, after some quality development, it has become one of the most popular floorings for outdoor and indoor floors. Now, asphalt flooring is available in different colors. This floor is jointless, dustless, and waterproof. It is also acid-proof and attractive in appearance.

According to the composition of asphalt flooring materials, it is available in a different forms as follows
a) Asphalt tiles
b) Asphalt terrazzo
c) Mastic asphalt
d) Acid-proof asphalt block

Asphalt Flooring
Types of Flooring – #11. Asphalt Flooring

12. Linoleum Flooring

Linoleum flooring is used as a covering of a floor, mostly laid over a concrete or wooden floor to get a more attractive look.

Linoleum Flooring
Linoleum Flooring

13. Rubber Flooring

Rubber flooring is made from a mixture of raw rubber, fillers, and pigments at a very high temperature. The thickness of this type of flooring is generally 4 to 10 mm.

18 Different Types of Flooring - Rubber Flooring
Types of Flooring – #13. Rubber Flooring

14. Magnesite Flooring

Magnesite flooring consists of a dry mix of magnesium oxide, asbestos, wood flour or inert material, and pigment. Before applying to the flooring surface, a plastic mixture is prepared by adding liquid magnesium chloride to this dry mixture. This flooring material can be laid on stone, wooden, and concrete surfaces. This floor is quite cheap and can be used on uneven surfaces. This type of flooring is mostly used in schools and public buildings.

Types of Flooring - 14. Magnesite Flooring
Types of Flooring – #14. Magnesite Flooring

15. Cork or Cork Tile Flooring

Cork flooring is available in two forms, they are cork carpet and cork tiles. Cork flooring is sound-proof as well as attractive in nature.

Cork carpet is available in the market in a form of rolls with a suitable width. On the other hand, cork tiles are available in a form of tiles with regular shapes and sizes. This flooring is used in the case of art galleries, churches, and hospital buildings.

16. Glass Flooring

This flooring is used when the light is to be transmitted to the floor below. These types of flooring glasses are available in the form of tiles or slabs. But, this is not a common type of material for flooring. This type of floor requires a suitable framework for fixing glasses.

17. Marble Flooring

marble flooring is one of the most attractive flooring types. This flooring is mostly used in high-class buildings, such as palaces and mansions. The price of this flooring is high because it requires high-quality marble and requires more labor for installation. Marble tiles are cut from marble slabs, and it laid on floors just like tiles floor.

After installation, rubbing and polishing work is carried out with the help of a power-driven polishing machine. The final surface of this flooring is very attractive in appearance, and also very smooth in nature.

18 Different Types of Flooring - Marble Flooring
Types of Flooring – #17. Marble Flooring

18. Plastic or P.V.C Flooring

Floors can be constructed from thermoplastic tiles, which are a plastic material of recent origin. These tiles can easily be laid on concrete floors but they are usually not laid on wooden floors as their fixing over wooden floors is very difficult and costly. This floor is yet in the experimental stage and has not come in a big way in the market.

18 Different Types of Flooring - Plastic or P.V.C Flooring
Types of Flooring – #18. Plastic or P.V.C Flooring

`19. Bamboo Flooring

Bamboo flooring is a kind of eco-friendly flooring that has gained a lot of prevalence nowadays. Bamboo is a grass, although, it would be wrong to say just grass because it is the largest grass in the world. Nowadays, bamboo is widely used as a flooring material, and as an alternative to hardwood. Know more about Bamboo Flooring.