Brick flooring is one type of floor made of brick. Brick is a cheap material and available easily at any place; therefore, its construction is comparatively cheap.
This floor is used almost in similar conditions as of flagstone floors. It is used for places where heavy articles are to be stored like godowns, sheds, stores, etc.
In brick flooring, bricks may be laid either on edge or flat, and brickwork is carried out in cement or lime mortar.
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Method of Construction
In the construction of brick flooring, first of all, depending on the type of soil and structure, an excavation around 40 cm is made below the proposed surface. The excavation surface is then levelled, watered and rammed properly.
Over this, a hard sub-grade is prepared by laying about a 25 cm thick layer of rubble boulders or broken brickbats. The layer is then well rammed and watered.
After preparing a suitable subgrade, a layer of lime concrete about 10 to 15 cm thick is laid over it. In some cases, a layer of lean concrete (1cement:3sand:6coarse aggregates) is laid in place of lime concrete.
After this, bricks are laid in the desired shape( maybe in parallel rows or herring-bond pattern) on a layer of lime mortar about 2.5 cm thick.
The vertical joints of bricks are usually set in cement mortar 1:3. The thickness of vertical joints may vary from 1.5 mm to 6 mm. Fine joints can be obtained by adopting rubbed bricks.
Advantages of Brick Flooring
Following are the major advantages of brick flooring:
- It offers a durable and sufficient hard floor surface.
- It provides a non-slippery surface.
- It offers a fir resisting surface.
- It is cheaper than terrazzo, mosaic, cement concrete and marble flooring.
- The maintenance process is easy.
Disadvantages of Brick Flooring
- The main disadvantage is that it is absorbent.
- It is costly than mud and muram flooring.