10 Factors Affecting Selection of Floors
Before selecting flooring material for a particular building, the following factors should be carefully considered.
The selection of flooring material should be such that it gives a pleasing appearance to the floor users, and should produce the colour effects in conformity with the use of buildings.
Generally, tile, marble, terrazzo, and cement mortar floors provide a good appearance, but on the other hand, floorings with asphalt covering give an ugly appearance.
The flooring material should be durable and strong enough to impart resistance to wear, tear, and chemical action.
The floor should be hard enough. Floors like cement concrete, terrazzo, mosaic are sufficiently hard, whereas asphalt, cork, ribbon, plastic, etc. are not hard.
A good floor should not be produced any noise. Noise causes discomfort to the occupants. At places where silence is of paramount importance, only sound-absorbing materials should be preferred for the construction of floors, like dancing halls.
The floor should give comfort to occupants under living and working conditions. Floors like Cork, rubber, linoleum, etc. are preferred from a comfort point of view.
6. Fire Resistance
A good floor should offer sufficient resistance to fire so that it offers a barrier to spread fire at a different level in the building.
7. Dam proof
It should be damp-proof so that a healthy and dry environment prevails in the building.
The floors should be such that it can be easily and effectively cleaned.
The surface of the floor should be smooth but not too slippery. The slippery surface is dangerous for old people, children, and pregnant women.
The flooring material should be such that minimal maintenance is required.